tl;dr: change GRUB_DEFAULT=0 to the zero-based index of the Windows entry in the grub config file.
Windows updates seem to be happening at least once a week these days. Most of the time, the updates require a reboot to finish. I just happen to be running Debian linux on the same machine, which uses grub 2 to load each OS installed on the system. The default OS loaded is the first one in the list, in my case Debian. So, if I have to reboot my Windows install and walk away from my computer, I return to a Debian login screen. Well, this was true up until now.
I started with the suggestion to edit the grub file here
However, this didn’t work for me…instead of Vista as indicated in the link above, I have Windows 7 installed so the entry in grub is Windows 7 (loader) on dev/sda1 so I tried this as a replacement:
GRUB_DEFAULT="Windows 7 (loader) on dev/sda1"
(I use vi to edit files on linux:)
$ vi /etc/default/grub
After rebooting the system, without changing the grub menu position, I was presented with the Debian login screen again.
So I decided to use the zero-based index of the OS this time…because the default is 0, with Windows being the third entry in the grub loader, I changed the default to 2:
After a sudo update-grub, and another sudo reboot, without touching the grub menu, I sat back and watched as Windows was loaded by default from grub.